How to find and purchase the correct land for farming ?
If you have set the prime goal of your life as a farmer or if you just want to grow up your business in terms of production then you will definitely need a new piece of land. And that is always said that it is a really risky job if you have no idea about how to do it.
However, if you will put in the required efforts in searching and gaining information about the needs of your land, then it will be a cakewalk for you to find the right piece of land.
Let us have a look at the necessary steps required:
Create a plan
Know what your purpose is:
The type of land that you need is highly dependent on the various types of crops that you want to grow and also the range of livestock that you wish to raise on the land.
Invest a good amount of time in planning about it and understand the different categories of farms.
Do you have a plan of what you are expected to do with the land? What are the various types of crops and livestock that the land is required to support? What are the various fencings and other constructions that you would do on the land?
These questions will provide you with a clear image of your purpose of getting land and as a result of it; you can make a better decision.
Know the size of the land that you require:
If you wish to grow a couple of crops then you must determine that what is the size of the land in the measurement of acres is required by you.
In the same manner, if you plan to raise a set of livestock then decide about the kind of livestock you need and the number of livestock you require.
Also, determine what is the exact size of land that you require top efficiently keep those livestock.
When you will have answers to these questions while visiting places for purchasing a property, you will never make a wrong decision.
A great example can be that if you wish to raise cattle on your farm then you will be required to have a land of 2 or 1.5 acres per head.
Make a budget that sounds real:
You need to determine an exact budget for the following factors: land cost, taxes imposed on property, maintenance of the land.
Make sure that you add up other necessary expenses such as the cost of fencing, equipment, and the charges of irrigation. Make a generalized income estimate that you will produce through your farm by taking these things into the consideration: prices of crops and the current price of meat in the market.
This will ensure an aid to you for further planning such as the financial requirements of your farm.
Make sure you work with only a certified realtor:
In order to identify the certified realtor that is available in your area, you may take help from various online sources that will have plenty of information on the basis of your area.
Realtors will prove to be helpful in case of finding the best offers for you and getting the deal done.
They will also make sure that you have a firm grip on the information of the various parts that are involved in the transaction.
Make sure that you work only with a certified realtor who has good experience in dealing with rural properties such as farmland so that you can have an ease of making a deal.
Make sure to choose a perfect location for the land:
It is always a wise decision to choose a generalized location for your desired type of land to grow crops or raise livestock.
You may want to take conditions of the weather into consideration for the piece of land you wish to buy and you need to make sure that it is completely away from the risk of natural disasters such as fires, tornadoes, or floods.
The next thing that you may want to do is that you should find out the average of the values of the properties that are available in the area and also determine the taxes which are imposed on the properties available in that area.
Also make sure that the area is not too far away from basic necessities such as the school, market, and hospitals.
Make sure to make a contact to the rural courthouse to make sure the area is suitable for farmland:
Once you have determined the location for your desires piece of land, you have to work effortlessly to find out the various regulations for the zone for that specified county.
You need to make a contact to the local courthouse or you can also approach them directly, where your desired piece of land is located and ask them for various permissions that are required to be granted in order to do farming on that land.
If they say that it is not a suitable place for farming purposes or if they don’t approve the required permissions that you require to does farming then you may want to search for another piece of land by following the same practice again.
Selecting the appropriate property
If you desire to make a growth of crops on your land, purchase one which has loam kind of soil:
It is a very important thing to know about the various types of soils before you jump in to purchase a land.
You can ask your seller to arrange a test of the soil for his land and if they did not conduct any test before, make arrangements of a lab for analyzing the various contents of the soil.
Loam is one of the best types of soils and it is a perfect bill for all the farming needs since it makes a good hold of the water.
Other variants of soil may include the clay that is defamed for holding too much amount of water in it and sand does not hold any amount of water at all. Therefore you must avoid these three ranges of soil.
Make sure you use the most premium quality of the pasture glass if you wish to raise livestock:
You must put the grass into consideration when you wish to buy farmland. Some of the grass types such as western wheatgrass, giant cane, green silky scale, and maiden cane are the best considerations for the livestock such as goats, sheep, and horses.
You may also want to look for the amount of land that is capable of getting grazed. You must also find out how much of it is not capable of being grazed. Make sure that you get at least 30% of cover by rocks so that there is a considerable amount of forge available for your livestock.
Make an evaluation for the irrigational and draining capacity of your chosen land:
You can ask the seller from whom you are purchasing the land about the settled up irrigational and drainage systems in the specific piece of land.
Make sure it has got easy access to the source of water and it should maintain a high quality.
A well or a river will be perfect for irrigation of the crops and to water the livestock if it is available to you within an area of 1 mile.
You must also find out the total damage of erosion that the land has got.
Also, it is a good practice to study each and every ditch available on the ground in order to check out if they are properly cleaned and you must also find out if they are capable of managing and handling a decent and average quantity of the precipitation.
Enquire about the history of the field:
By history of the field, we mean that you should find out the various types and categories of crops that had been grown on the field and also the various types of herbicides that were applied on that specific land when the crop was grown.
If you wish to raise healthy livestock then you need to make sure that the usage of the herbicides was done in a proper manner so that it does not affect the health of your livestock.
Usually, most of the herbicides that are used in these applications are safe but still doing research on the internet about the restrictions of the grazing for that particular category of the herbicide that is being used on the land lately.
If you are planning to grow some kind of crop then you need to make sure that the crops do work well with the previous grown crop and the nutrients that were used to grow the same.
As an example, if the previously grown crops on that land were beans then you should consider growing tomatoes in that area as they will perform very well in terms of growth than some lentils will do.
Ready for the next step to become a farmer ?
So you manage to overcome your fear? Then let’s go to the next point and get financed for your farm !
Source : Farmer